Periodontal treatment is the treatment of structures that surround our teeth. “Peri” means next to and “odontal” refers to the teeth. At Lapeer City Dental in Lapeer, MI, we’ve performed dozens of these treatments with great outcomes. Periodontal treatment seems scary but with the right tools and experience, it can be a simple and safe procedure.
Periodontal disease is a progression of gingivitis. Gingivitis, or gum inflammation, can easily be treated. If neglected, however, it can progress to a more severe condition called periodontitis. In periodontitis, the tissues around the teeth become infected and inflamed leading to damage.
At Lapeer City Dental, we encourage our patients to follow our advice to avoid periodontal disease. You should brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss at least once. Patients also need to come in for their regular checkups so we can remove build-up from their teeth.
Gingivitis is characterized by gum swelling, redness, and potential bleeding. If you feel that you might have any of these symptoms, you need to visit us so we can treat your gingivitis. It’s unlikely that it will resolve on its own. Many cases progress to periodontal disease.
In mild periodontal disease, we perform what is known as flap surgery. We elevate the gums to remove the tartar present under them. Tartar and plaque are the main contributors to periodontal disease and it won’t resolve until they’re gone. After we remove build-up, we’ll suture your gums back in their original positions so they can start healing.
Patients with severe periodontal disease will need drastic measures. In severe conditions, tissue and bones can be lost. Lost tissue won’t grow back on its own so we have to perform a tissue graft or a bone graft depending on what’s missing. We can use synthetic tissues and bones or natural ones to replace the missing tissues in your oral cavity.
Antibiotics are usually relied upon too. We might recommend oral antibiotics that work systemically or antibiotic gels that work locally to eliminate dental infections.
Periodontal disease is a dental issue that effects a large portion of the population. It is a disease that causes pockets or spaces in the gum tissue, allowing bacteria to enter. The build up of plaque causes the gums to become inflamed and form these pockets. Normal brushing cannot reach this build up and over time the pockets continue to get deeper. Symptoms may include bad breath, red and puffy gums, bleeding gums and loose or sensitive teeth.
Diagnosis: Gingivitis is the beginning stages of gum disease. Bleeding when brushing is a sign of this, as is inflammation and tenderness. Your dentist will measure between the tooth and gums to determine the depth of any pockets that may be present.
Treatment: Gingivitis and gum disease must be treated to prevent further destruction of teeth, gums, and bone, which can eventually lead to tooth loss. Depending on the extent of the disease, a deep cleaning and scaling will be recommended and will typically be done with local numbing. When the build up has been removed from below the gum line, the tissue will heal in a short time.
Maintenance: Follow-up appointments with your dentist will be recommended to keep an eye on the healing progress. Medicated rinses, consistent flossing and using an electric toothbrush are some of the home treatments suggested. We will discuss a thorough in-home follow-up care program for you.
Please call us today (810) 664-2999, we’ll be happy to discuss your situation and recommend the most effective treatment options, if gum disease or gingivitis is present.