Periodontitis or gum disease is a common infection damaging the soft tissue and bone supporting the tooth. Left untreated, gum disease ensures the alveolar bone surrounding the teeth slowly but progressively diminishes. In addition, periodontitis indicates inflammation around the tooth because microorganisms like bacteria stick to the tooth’s surface and the pockets surrounding the tooth and multiply dramatically. The bacteria release toxins as your immune system react to cause inflammation in the gums.
Untreated, periodontal disease results in tooth loss eventually. It also increases the risks of strokes, heart attacks, and other health issues. Bacterial plaque, a thin film-like membrane developing over the surface of the teeth, is the most likely cause of periodontal disease. When you fail to remove plaque, it hardens into calculus or tartar, indicating preventing periodontal treatment is comfortable with proper dental hygiene.
If you are affected by periodontal disease, you experience bright red, purple gums, inflamed or swollen gums, and recurrent swelling in the gums make you seek gum swelling treatment from a dentist nearby.
You also experience bleeding when brushing or flossing your teeth besides lousy breath and loose teeth, extra spaces between your teeth, and receding gums making your teeth appear longer than they are. In addition, your bite feels different because your teeth do not fit together as they did earlier.
Generally, gingivitis occurs before the periodontal disease. Gingivitis is gum inflammation, while periodontal disease is gum disease coupled with tissue, bone, and tooth destruction.
You will do well if you seek gum disease treatment from the dental clinic near you in the initial stages when bacterial plaque accumulates on the tooth’s front surface, causing redness and inflammation in your gums. The teeth may bleed when brushing because the gums are irritated and concerning, but your teeth aren’t loose. You don’t have any irreversible damage to the bone or surrounding tissue. Leave gingivitis untreated, and it progresses to periodontal disease.
When you allow gum disease to progress into periodontal disease, your gums and bone pull away from the teeth, causing large pockets. Debris collects in the spaces between the gums and teeth to infect the area.
Your immune system attacks the bacteria with the spreading of plaque below the gum line into the pockets. The bones and connective tissue holding the tooth begin breaking down because of the acids the bacteria produce. As a result, your teeth can become loose and fall out, causing irreversible changes.
You develop the periodontal disease when you allow dental plaque, a pale yellow biofilm, to collect on your teeth as part of a natural process. Plaque is formed by bacteria that try to attach themselves to the smooth surfaces of your teeth. Brushing twice a day helps get rid of bacteria which builds up again soon.
When you don’t remove plaque for over 48 hours, it hardens into tartar, making it challenging to remove and requiring professional treatment from a dental clinic. Plaque gradually and progressively damages your teeth and surrounding tissue. You initially developed gingivitis, an inflammation of the gums around the base of your teeth. Leave gingivitis untreated, and it forms pockets between the teeth and gums, filling them up with bacteria.
When your body’s immune system reacts to the infection, the bacterial toxins begin destroying the bone and connective tissue holding the teeth in place. As a result, your teeth start becoming loose and fallout eventually.
Dentists diagnose periodontal disease by looking at the signs and symptoms and conducting a physical examination. Next, your dentist will insert a periodontal probe next to the tooth below the gum line. In healthy teeth, the probe does not slide too far below the gum line. Unfortunately, the probe reaches deeper under the gum line with periodontal disease, causing the dentist to measure the depth. X-rays also help assess the condition of your jawbone and teeth.
Treatment for periodontal disease is to maintain the condition without aggravating after undergoing deep cleaning, avoiding smoking, controlling diabetes, and certain medications. The better method of treating periodontal disease is to prevent its occurrence by taking excellent care of your dental hygiene and visiting dentists for regular checkups to determine whether you have gingivitis, an entirely preventable condition affecting you. If you let gingivitis progress to periodontal disease, there is no cure available for the situation other than maintaining it for your lifetime. Therefore, it is easy to prevent periodontal disease by adopting a dental hygiene regimen to prevent infections from your mouth.